Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964) is a children's book by Norwegian-British author Roald Dahl. This story of the adventures of young Charlie Bucket inside the chocolate factory of eccentric candymaker Willy Wonka is often considered[who?] one of the most beloved children's stories of the 20th century.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was first publ Although the book has always been popular, over the years a number of prominent individuals have spoken critically of the novel. Children novelist and literary historian John Rowe Townsend has described the book as "fantasy of an almost literally nauseating kind" and accusing it of "astonishing insensitivity" regarding the original portrayal of the Oompa-Loompas as black pygmies, although Dahl did revise this later. Another novelist, Eleanor Cameron, compared the book to the candy that forms its subject matter, commenting that it is "delectable and soothing while we are undergoing the brief sensory pleasure it affords but leaves us poorly nourished with our taste dulled for better fare". Ursula K. Le Guin voiced her support for this assessment in a letter to Cameron. Defenders of the book have pointed out it was unusual for its time in being quite dark for a children's book, with the "antagonists" not being adults or monsters (as is the case even for most of Dahl's books) but the naughty children.
There are four main rooms that the tour goes through, losing one child at a time.
The Chocolate Room is the first room that the tour goes through. It is said that everything in this room is edible: the pavements, the bushes, even the grass. There are trees made of taffy that grow jelly apples, bushes that sprout lollipops, mushrooms that spurt whipped cream, pumpkins filled with sugar cubes instead of seeds, jelly bean stalks, and even spotty candy cubes. The main icon of the room is the Chocolate River, where the chocolate is mixed and churned by the waterfall. Willy Wonka proclaims, "There is no other factory in the world that mixes its chocolate by waterfall." Pipes that hang on the ceiling come down and suck up the chocolate, then send it to other rooms of the factory, such as the Fudge Room; Augustus Gloop is sucked into one such pipe after falling into the river while drinking from it.
The Inventing Room
The Inventing Room is the second room that the tour goes through. Mr. Wonka states that all of his ideas are simmering and bubbling in this room, and that ol' Slugworth would give his false teeth to stay five minutes inside. This room is home to Wonka's new, and still insufficiently tested, candies such as Everlasting Gobstoppers, Hair Toffee, and Wonka's greatest idea so far, Three-Course Dinner Chewing Gum. This candy is a three course dinner all in itself, "Tomato Soup", Roast Beef & Baked Potato, and the dessert, Blueberry Pie and Ice Cream. However, once the chewer gets to the dessert, the side effect is that they turn into a giant "blueberry"; this happens to Violet Beauregarde after she rashly grabs and consumes the experimental gum.
Violet is subsequently taken to the Juicing Room "to be squeezed like a small pimple". The tour then leaves the Inventing Room.
The Nut Sorting Room
The Nut Sorting Room is the third room on the tour. This room is where Wonka uses trained squirrels to break open good walnuts for use in his sweets. All rotten/unripe walnuts are thrown down a rubbish chute which leads to a incinerator. Veruca Salt wants one of the squirrels for a pet, but is thrown down the rubbish chute when she attempts to grab it. Her father is also thrown down after her.
In the 1971 Film The Room was renamed The Geese Room it's haves many garbage chutes with the Eggdicators to tell the diffirence of the good egg and the bad egg.
The Television Room
The Television Room is home to Wonka's latest invention, Television Chocolate, where they take a giant Wonka Bar and shrink it, then send it to a television. Mike Teavee then shrinks himself. He is then taken to the "Taffy Puller to be stretched".
Other rooms, hinted at but not visited, are listed below in alphabetical order. Each is given the name of the product it contains, which is presumably made or extracted there.
- "Butterscotch And Buttergin"
- "Candy-Coated pencils for Sucking"
- "Cavity-Filling Caramels– No more dentists"
- "Coconut-Ice Skating Rinks"
- "Cows that give Chocolate Milk"
- "Eatable Marshmallow Pillows"
- "Exploding Candy for your Enemies"
- "Fizzy Lemonade Swimming Pools"
- "Fizzy Lifting Drinks"'
- "Hot Ice Creams for Cold Days"
- "Invisible Chocolate Bars for Eating in Class"
- "Square Sweets that Look Round"
The Original Story
Responding to criticisms from the NAACP, Canadian children's author Eleanor Cameron, and others for the book's portrayal of the Oompa Loompas as dark skinned and skinny African pygmies working in Wonka’s factory for cacao beans, Dahl changed some of the text, and Schindelman replaced some illustrations (the illustrations for the British version were also changed). That new version was released in 1973 in the USA. In the revised version the Oompa Loompas are described as having funny long golden-brown hair and rosy-white skin. Their origins were also changed from Africa to fictional Loompaland.
In 2005, a short chapter which had been removed during the editing of the book circulated, entitled "Spotty Powder", was published. The chapter featured the elimination of Miranda Piker, a "teacher's pet" with a headmaster father. Wonka introduces the group to a new candy that will make children temporarily appear sick so that they can miss school that day, which enrages Miranda and her father. They vow to stop the candy from being made, and storm into the secret room where it is made. Two screams are heard, and Wonka agrees with the distraught Mrs. Piker that they were surely ground into Spotty Powder, and were indeed needed all along for the recipe, as "We’ve got to use one or two schoolmasters occasionally or it wouldn’t work." He then reassures Mrs. Piker that he was joking. Mrs. Piker is escorted to the boiler room by the Oompa-Loompas, who sing a short song about how delicious Miranda's classmates will find her.
The book was first made into a feature film as a musical titled Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, directed by Mel Stuart, produced by David L. Wolper and starring Gene Wilder as Willy Wonka, character actor Jack Albertson as Grandpa Joe and Peter Ostrum as Charlie Bucket. Released worldwide on June 30, 1971 and distributed by Paramount Pictures, the film had an estimated budget of $3 M. The movie grossed only $4 M and was considered a box-office flop. Like many films based on books, there were several notable differences in the film from the book. For example, Charlie's father did not appear in the film as he was dead, the fake ticket was the "final" ticket and was "found" by a Paraguayan man rather than the "third" ticket being "found" by a Russian woman, and the other four children were accompanied around the factory but just one of their parents rather than both parents. Furthermore, Charlie also misbehaved during the tour, goaded on by Grandpa Joe in sampling Fizzy Lifting Drinks, But unlike the other four, their waywardness does not exactly succeed to remove them from the tour.
Another film version, entitled Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and directed by Tim Burton, was released on July 15, 2005; this version starred Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka and Freddie Highmore as Charlie Bucket. The Brad Grey production was a hit, grossing about $470 M worldwide with an estimated budget of $150 M. It was distributed by Warner Bros. this time. The 1971 and 2005 films are consistent with the written work to varying degrees. The Burton film in particular greatly expanded Willy Wonka's personal backstory. Both films likewise heavily expanded the personalities of the four "bad" children and their parents from the limited description in the book. There were further differences in this film version from the book, including the fact that Mike Teavee was also obsessed by computer games as well as television (the book was written in the days before people had access to home computers).
It has also been produced by Swedish Television as still drawings narrated by Ernst-Hugo Järegård.
Concurrently with the 1971 film, a line of candies was introduced in North America and Oceania that uses the book's characters and imagery for its marketing. Presently sold in in the United States, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, the candies are produced in the United States, New Zealand, the Czech Republic and Brazil, by Nestlé.
In 1985, the Charlie and the Chocolate Factory video game was released for the ZX Spectrum by developers Soft Option Ltd and publisher Hill MacGibbon.
On July 11, 2005, the Charlie and the Chocolate Factory video game was released for the Sony PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox, Nintendo GameCube, Nintendo's Game Boy Advance, and Windows PC by developers Backbone and High Voltage Software and publisher 2K Games.
On 1 April 2006, the British theme park Alton Towers opened a family boat ride attraction themed around Charlie and The Chocolate Factory. The ride features a boat section where guests travel around the chocolate factory in bright pink boats on a chocolate river. In the final stage of the ride, guests will enter one of two glass elevators where they will join Willy Wonka as they travel the factory, eventually shooting up and out through the glass roof.
Awards and nominations
New England Round Table of Children's Librarians Award (USA 1972) Surrey School Award (UK 1973) Millennium Children's Book Award (UK 2000) Blue Peter Book Award (UK 2000)
ISBN 0-394-81011-2 (hardcover, 1973, revised Oompa Loompa edition) ISBN 0-87129-220-3 (paperback, 1976) ISBN 0-14-031824-0 (paperback, 1985, illustrated by Michael Foreman) ISBN 1-85089-902-9 (hardcover, 1987) ISBN 0-606-04032-3 (prebound, 1988) ISBN 0-89966-904-2 (library binding, 1992, reprint) ISBN 0-14-130115-5 (paperback, 1998) ISBN 0-375-81526-0 (hardcover, 2001) ISBN 0-375-91526-5 (library binding, 2001) ISBN 0-14-240108-0 (paperback, 2004) ISBN 0-8488-2241-2 (hardcover) competion